Fact Sheets

Health Warning Label Compliance

Health Warning Label Compliance fact sheets

2021: Mexico

2019: Pakistan | Brazil

2017: China | India Smokeless

2016: Bangladesh | Bangladesh Smokeless | Brazil | India | India Smokeless | Philippines

2015: Indonesia | Russian Federation | Thailand | Thailand Roll-Your-OwnViet Nam

2013: Bangladesh | Brazil | China | EgyptIndia | Indonesia | Mexico | Pakistan | Philippines | Russian Federation | Thailand | Turkey | Ukraine | Viet Nam

Suggested Citation for Fact Sheets: Tobacco Pack Surveillance System (TPackSS). Health Warning Label Compliance: {Country – Year} [Fact sheet]. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. {URL}

Example Citation: Tobacco Pack Surveillance System (TPackSS). Health Warning Label Compliance: Bangladesh– 2013 [Fact sheet]. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Other Fact Sheets

English | Portuguese

English | Portuguese


English | Spanish

Published Articles

Brown J, Smith KC, Welding K, Cohen JE. Misleading tobacco packaging: Moving beyond bans on "light" and "mild"Tobacco Regulatory Science 2020; 6(5):369-378.

Brown J, Welding K, Cohen JE, Cherukupalli R, Washington C, Ferguson J, Smith KC. An analysis of purchase price of legal and illicit cigarettes in urban retail environments in 14 low- and middle-income countriesAddiction 2017; 112:1854–1860. doi:10.1111/add.13881.

Brown JL, Grilo G, Cohen JE, et al. Colours, capsules and concept flavour names on cigarette packs appeal to youth in Mexico. Tobacco Control Published Online First: 11 January 2022. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-056905 

Cohen JE, Welding K, Erinoso O, Saraf S, Iacobelli M, Smith KC. The Flavor Train: The Nature and Extent of Flavored Cigarettes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Nicotine Tob Res. 2021;23(11):1936-1941. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntab092

Cohen JE, Brown J, Washington C, Welding K, Ferguson J, Smith KC. Do cigarette health warning labels comply with requirements: A 14-country study. Preventive Medicine 2016. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.10.006.

Crespi E, Iacobelli M, Welding K, et al Industry manipulation of pictorial health warning labels in Pakistan Tobacco Control Published Online First: 16 April 2021. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-056433

Czaplicki L, Welding K, Cohen JE, Smith KC. Feminine Appeals on Cigarette Packs Sold in 14 Countries. Int J Public Health. 2021;66:1604027. Published 2021 Jun 14. doi:10.3389/ijph.2021.1604027

Erinoso O, Welding K, Smith KC, Cohen JE, Claims of Reduced Odor on Tobacco Packs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2021;, ntab177, doi: /10.1093/ntr/ntab177

Erinoso O, Smith KC, Iacobelli M, Saraf S, Welding K, Cohen JE. Global review of tobacco product flavour policiesTobacco Control Published Online First: 15 May 2020. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-055454

Grilo G, Cohen JE, Reynales-Shigematsu LM, et al Cultural appropriation on Marlboro packs in Mexico: ofrenda symbolism a cruel irony Tobacco Control Published Online First: 25 February 2022. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-057215 

Grilo G, Welding K, Szklo AS, et al Straw cigarette branding: misleading descriptors and a new Marlboro man Tobacco Control Published Online First: 17 November 2021. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2021-056983

Grilo G, Lagasse LP, Cohen JE, Moran MB, Reynales-Shigematsu LM, Smith KC. "It's all About the Colors:" How do Mexico City Youth Perceive Cigarette Pack Design. Int J Public Health. 2021;66:585434. Published 2021 Mar 10. doi:10.3389/ijph.2021.585434

Iacobelli M, Saraf S, Welding K, Smith KC, Cohen JE. Manipulated: graphic health warnings on smokeless tobacco in rural IndiaTobacco Control Published Online First: 29 January 2019. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054715.

Iacobelli M, Smith KC, Washington C, Welding K, Cohen JE. When the tax stamp covers the health warning label: conflicting ‘best practices’ for tobacco control policy. Tobacco Control 2018; 27:119-120. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053417.

Kleb C, Welding K, Cohen JE, Smith KC. The use of sports imagery and terminology on cigarette packs from fourteen countries. Substance Use & Misuse 2018; 53:5, 873-880. doi:10.1080/10826084.2017.1363236.

Pankow JF, Luo W, McWhirter KJ, Gillette S, Cohen JE. 'Menthol-Plus': a major category of cigarette found among 'concept' descriptor cigarettes from Mexico. Tob Control. 2021 Mar 9:tobaccocontrol-2020-056173. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-056173. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33688085. 

Ross H, Vellios N, Smith KC, Ferguson J, Cohen JE. A closer look at 'cheap white' cigarettesTobacco Control 2016; 25:527-531. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052540.

Saraf S, Welding K, Iacobelli M, Cohen JE, Gupta PC, Smith KC. Health Warning Label Compliance for Smokeless Tobacco Products and Bidis in Five Indian States. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2021;22(S2):59-64. Published 2021 Nov 1. doi:10.31557/APJCP.2021.22.S2.59

Smith KC, Welding K, Iacobelli M, Saraf S, Cohen JE. Headshots on bidi and smokeless tobacco packs in India and Bangladesh: A curious branding elementTobacco Control. 2022;31(1):117-118. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-055867

Smith KC, Welding K, Kelb C, Washington C, Cohen JE. English on cigarette packs from six non-Anglophone low- and middle-income countriesInternational Journal of Public Health 21 September 2018; doi: 10.1007/s00038-018-1164-9.

Smith KC, Washington C, Welding K, Kroart L, Osho A, Cohen JE. Cigarette stick as valuable communicative real estate: A content analysis of cigarettes from 14 low-income and middle-income countriesTobacco Control 2017; 26:604-607. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053148.

Smith KC, Washington C, Brown J, Vadnais A, Kroart L, Ferguson J, Cohen J. The Tobacco Pack Surveillance System (TPackSS): A protocol for assessing health warning compliance, design features and appeals of tobacco packs sold in low- and middle-income countriesJMIR Public Health and Surveillance 2015; 1(2):e8. doi:10.2196/publichealth.4616.

Trimble DG, Yu L, Welding K, et al Analysis of wedding appeals on cigarette packs in China Tobacco Control Published Online First: 09 April 2021. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-056189

Trimble DG, Welding K, Smith KC, Cohen JE. Smoke and scan: A content analysis of QR code-directed websites found on cigarette packs in ChinaNicotine & Tobacco Research Published Online First: 24 May 2020. doi: 

Weiger CV, Smith KC, Hong AY, Cohen JE. Cigarette packs with URLs leading to tobacco company websites: Content analysisJournal of Medical Internet Research 2020; 22(6):e15160. doi: 10.2196/15160

Welding K, Iacobelli M, Saraf S, et al. The Market for Bidis, Smokeless Tobacco, and Cigarettes in India: Evidence From Semi-Urban and Rural Areas in Five States. Int J Public Health. 2021;66:1604005. Published 2021 May 12. doi:10.3389/ijph.2021.1604005

Welding K, Kennedy RD, Moran MB, Cohen JE, Smith KC. Natural, organic, additive-free and pure on cigarette packs in 14 countriesTobacco Regulatory Science 2019; 5(4), pp.352-359(8). doi:

Welding K. The "Messi" problem of bidi branding in IndiaTobacco Control Blog 16 June 2019.


Other Research and Policy Briefs