Regulatory Mechanisms

Thirty nine countries have a law/decree/resolution/circular/notification regarding e-cigarettes (Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, England, Estonia, Finland, Gambia, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Malta, Nepal, Northern Ireland, Oman, Panama, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Suriname, Togo, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States and Wales).

Eleven countries use existing legislation (Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Iceland, Malaysia, Mauritius, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Venezuela and Viet Nam) and six countries use existing bans on imitation products (Colombia, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Seychelles and Singapore).

Seven countries made amendments to existing legislation (Barbados, Fiji, Greece, Hungary, Spain, Turkmenistan and Uruguay).

Ten countries used a combination of new and existing regulation (Argentina, Bahrain, Costa Rica, Denmark, Ecuador, Ireland, Japan, Netherlands Switzerland and Thailand).

Four countries use a combination of amended tobacco control legislation and existing legislation to regulate e-cigarettes (Jamaica, Republic of Korea, Turkey and Ukraine).

Austria and France use a combination of new, amended and existing regulation.