Countries classify e-cigarettes as tobacco products (or imitation/derivative/substitute products), medicinal/pharmaceutical products, consumer products, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)/e-cigarettes or poisons.
Eighteen countries classify or regulate e-cigarettes as consumer products, in addition to classifying them as other types of products (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Republic of Korea, Switzerland, United Kingdom and Venezuela). Hungary regulates e-cigarettes primarily as consumer goods.
Thirty-six countries classify or refer to e-cigarettes as ENDS/e-cigarettes (Bahrain, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Jordan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Malta, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Panama, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and Uruguay).
Nineteen countries regulate e-cigarettes that make a cessation claim and/or contain a specific threshold of nicotine as medicines/drugs/medical devices (Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, United Kingdom and Venezuela).
Thirty-four countries classify or regulate e-cigarettes (in their entirety or only certain dimensions of sale, advertisement, use, etc.) as tobacco products, tobacco related products, tobacco imitation, tobacco derivatives, or tobacco surrogates.(Argentina, Austria, Bahrain, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Honduras, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Republic of Korea, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Togo, Turkey, United Kingdom, Venezuela and Viet Nam).
Three countries regulate nicotine as poisons or hazardous substances (Australia, Czech Republic and Malaysia) and Brunei Darussalam classifies nicotine liquid as poisons if nicotine concentration is above 7.5 percent.