Country Comparison Database

Use this form to filter countries based on Policy Domains and Product Classifications. You may choose any combination of terms from either list.

Leave blank for all. Otherwise, the first selected term will be the default instead of "Any".
Leave blank for all. Otherwise, the first selected term will be the default instead of "Any".
Argentina

A ruling bans the sale, advertisement, distribution and importation of e-cigarettes. A decree classified these as tobacco products, thus use is inherently prohibited in enclosed public spaces/transport by the national tobacco control law.

Australia

A law classifies nicotine as a restricted poison if it is not used for therapeutic purposes. Non-nicotine e-cigarettes are classified as legal consumer products.

Austria

E-cigarettes can be classified as medicines if they are marketed with medicinal claims and thus regulated under the Austrian Medicinal Products Act, or as tobacco related products and regulated by the Amended Austrian Tobacco Act 2016.

Bahrain

Classified as tobacco products and referred to as e-cigarettes in the decision that bans their sale, importation and distribution.

Belgium

According to a science policy advisory report nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are regulated as medicinal products and have not received marketing authorization to date, hence their sale, distribution, importation and manufacturing are illegal.

Brazil

Classified as tobacco products. A resolution prohibits the sale, advertisement, distribution and importation of e-cigarettes. As tobacco products, their use in public places and public transportation is prohibited by a decree.

Brunei Darussalam

Classified as tobacco imitation products. The Tobacco Order prohibits the sale, offer for sale or importation of items that imitate tobacco products.

Cambodia

Classified as e-cigarettes by a circular which bans their sale, importation and use.

Canada

A notice by Health Canada classifies nicotine-containing e-cigarettes as new drugs under the Food and Drug Regulations. As such, there are restrictions on their sale, advertisement, promotion, sponsorship, importation and manufacturing.

Chile

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products per a resolution.

Colombia

The tobacco control law classifies these products as tobacco imitations, banning sale, manufacturing and marketing/advertising. There are bans on the use of these products in enclosed public places and on public transport.*

Costa Rica

Referred to as ENDS in a decree and classified as tobacco products. In accordance with the tobacco control law, they cannot be sold to minors (under 18).

Croatia

Croatia applies several existing regulations to e-cigarettes. The outer case of the e-cigarette and atomizer are subject to a decision on sanitary safety of consumer products.

Czech Republic

Defined in the tobacco control act as imitation tobacco products.

Denmark

E-cigarettes will be regulated as medicinal products under the Danish Medicines Act if they are marketed as products for the prevention or treatment of diseases, e.g. nicotine dependence and cessation.

Ecuador

Classified as ENDS per a decree. Minimum age of purchase is 18 years. Advertising is restricted to venues accessed solely by adults. The tobacco control law bans use in public spaces/transport.

Estonia

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the Tobacco Act 2016.

Sale of e-cigarettes to, on behalf of, or by minors (under 18 years) is prohibited, as is possession and use of e-cigarettes by minors.

Fiji

A tobacco control (amendment) decree applies to both nicotine-containing and non-nicotine e-cigarettes. E-cigarettes cannot be sold to minors (under 18 years), advertised or used in public transportation and certain enclosed public places.

Finland

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products (non-nicotine single use e-cigarettes are classified as tobacco substitutes) and regulated by the Tobacco Act 2016.

France

E-cigarettes maybe be brought to market either as medicines or as consumer products.

Germany

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the Federal Government law on the Implementation of the Tobacco Products Directive and Related Products 2016 and by the ordinance on the implementation of

Greece

A law bans the sale, display, manufacture and commercialization of e- cigarettes. Use of all types of e-cigarettes in enclosed public places is prohibited.*

Honduras

A decree classified e-cigarettes as tobacco derivative products, thus subject to tobacco control laws. Minimum age of purchase is 21 years.

Hungary

Classified as consumer products. Marketing authorization is required for sale. Sale is permitted at tobacco shops.

Iceland

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products, thus marketing authorization must be obtained prior to marketing these products and they must meet all requirements on sale, advertising/promotion, distribution, manufacture, i

Ireland

Non-nicotine e-cigarettes are regulated as consumer products, while nicotine-containing e-cigarettes and refill containers are regulated by the European Union (Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco and Related Products) Regulations 2016 (S

Israel

N/A

Italy

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by a legislative decree.

Jamaica

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products under the Food and Drugs Act.* As such they must be registered before they can be imported (no approval has been granted for these products to date).

Japan

Non-nicotine e-cigarettes are currently not being regulated. However, nicotine- containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products and are regulated under the Japanese pharmaceutical affairs law.

Jordan

Jordan bans the sale, advertising, manufacturing, importation and use of e-cigarettes via an official letter.

Kuwait

The sale and marketing of e-cigarettes is banned in accordance with a decision by health ministers of gulf countries.*

Latvia

E-cigarettes are described as “electronic smoking devices”.

Lebanon

A decision bans the importation and trading of all types of e-cigarettes and orders the withdrawal of all e-cigarettes from the Lebanese market.

Lithuania

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the Tobacco, Tobacco Products and Related Products Control Law 2016.

Malaysia

Nicotine is classified as a class C poison under the Poisons Act and Control of Drugs and Cosmetics Regulations.* Devices without nicotine are classified as electrical appliances.

Malta

The manufacture, presentation and sale of e-cigarettes are regulated by the Tobacco Act 2016.

Mauritius

A public health regulation prohibits the sale, offer for sale or distribution of products that look like tobacco or cigarettes.*

Mexico

The national tobacco control law prohibits the sale, distribution, exhibition, promotion or manufacture of an object that imitates a tobacco product. These prohibitions are specific to nicotine-containing e-cigarettes.*

Nepal

A notification (not available online) bans advertising, promotion and sponsorship as well as use in public places and transportation.*

Netherlands

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes and e-liquids are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the amended Tobacco and Smoking Commodities Act (and delegated legislation: the Tobacco and Smoking Commodities Decree and the Tobacco and S

New Zealand

Under the Medicines Act, nicotine-containing e-cigarettes or non-nicotine e-cigarettes promoted as therapeuatic products are classified as medicinal. As medicinal products, there are restrictions on sale, advertising and distribution.

Nicaragua

The national tobacco control law prohibits the sale, importation or manufacture of objects imitating tobacco products.*

Norway

E-cigarettes can be classified either as medicinal products or as tobacco surrogates.

Oman

A decision by the Public Authority for Consumer Protection bans the sale and marketing of e-cigarettes and electronic shisha.

Panama

A decree classifies e-cigarettes as tobacco products. Sale, TAPS, distribution and importation of e-cigarettes with or without nicotine are prohibited. The use of these products is banned in public spaces and transport.

Philippines

An order classifies e-cigarettes as medicinal products and medical devices.

Poland

Poland classifies e-cigarettes as consumer products. E-cigarette cartridges are classified as chemical mixtures and are thus subject to the European Union regulations on chemical substances and their mixtures.*

Portugal

E-cigarettes are regulated by Law no 108/2015 of 26th August.

Qatar

A circular strictly prohibits the sale, distribution and advertising of e-cigarettes in pharmacies; another circular strictly prohibits their importation into the country.

Republic of Korea

Non-nicotine containing e-cigarettes are considered consumer products. Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as tobacco products, thus their sale is prohibited to minors (under 19 years).

Saudi Arabia

The sale and marketing of e-cigarettes is banned in accordance with a decision of health ministers of gulf countries.*

Serbia

N/A

Seychelles

The Tobacco Control Act prohibits the manufacture, importation, supply, display, distribution or sale of imitation tobacco products.

Singapore

E-cigarettes are classified by the tobacco control act as imitation tobacco products banning their sale, distribution and importation.

Slovakia

Products are regulated by the rules for tobacco products and tobacco-free products intended to be smoked. Sales to minors (under 18 years) are banned. A tobacco control act bans use outside of designated smoking areas.

South Africa

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are regulated by the Medicines Control Council as schedule 3 medicines.

Spain

Law 28/2005 on health measures against smoking and regulating the sale, supply, consumption and advertising of tobacco products bans the sale of ENDS or similar products to minors (under 18 years).

Suriname

The Tobacco Law prohibits prohibits the importation, distribution and sale of electronic cigarettes.

Sweden

N/A

Switzerland

In a statement by the Federal Office of Public Health, non-nicotine e-cigarettes are regulated within the scope of the food act as commodities. However, the sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes is prohibited.

Thailand

E-cigarettes are prohibited under several regulatory mechanisms. The Medicine Act prohibits manufacturing, sale and importation of modern medicinal products.

Togo

The tobacco control law classifies nicotine-containing e-cigarettes as derivative products.

Turkey

Ministry of Health issued a circular (not available online) indicating that the sale and importation of e-cigarettes and related devices are banned.* However, other legislation seems inconsistent with this statement.

Ukraine

A law classifies these products as e-cigarettes and prohibits their use in public spaces/transport, with the exception of designated areas.

United Arab Emirates

The sale and marketing of e-cigarettes is banned in accordance with a decision of health ministers of gulf countries. The Ministry of Health has also banned their use.*

United Kingdom

E-cigarettes may be brought to market either as medicines or as consumer products. Those seeking medicines approval undergo the standard licensing process.

United States

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies e-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as tobacco products, except in cases when they are marketed as drugs, devices or combination products (e.g., as a therapeutic p

Uruguay

Nicotine and non-nicotine e-cigarette sale, importation, registration as a brand/patent and promotion is explicitly banned by an amendment/ decree.

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

Companies wishing to import e-cigarettes must indicate whether the product should be classified as a medicinal, consumer good or tobacco derivative.* If regulated as a tobacco- derivative, e-cigarettes cannot be sold to minors, advertised/promoted

Viet Nam

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco products.* The national tobacco control law bans sale to minors and marketing/advertising.