Country Comparison Database

Use this form to filter countries based on Policy Domains and Product Classifications. You may choose any combination of terms from either list.

Argentina

A ruling bans the sale, advertisement, distribution and importation of e-cigarettes. A decree classified these as tobacco products, thus use is inherently prohibited in enclosed public spaces/transport by the national tobacco control law.

Australia

A law classifies nicotine as a restricted poison if it is not used for therapeutic purposes. Non-nicotine e-cigarettes are classified as legal consumer products.

Austria

E-cigarettes can be classified as medicines if they are marketed with medicinal claims and thus regulated under the Austrian Medicinal Products Act, or as tobacco related products and regulated by the Amended Austrian Tobacco Act 2016.

Bahrain

Classified as tobacco products and referred to as e-cigarettes in the decision that bans their sale, importation and distribution.

Barbados

The Health Service Amendment Bill 2017, which classifies e-cigarettes as electronic smoking devices, extends the prohibition on smoking to e-cigarettes.

Belgium

According to a science policy advisory report nicotine-containing e-cigarettes can be brought to the market as medicinal products and have to obtain marketing authorization. The medicines act stipulates rules on advertising of medicines.

Brazil

Classified as tobacco products. A resolution prohibits the sale, advertisement, distribution and importation of e-cigarettes. As tobacco products, their use in public places and public transportation is prohibited by a decree.

Brunei Darussalam

Classified as tobacco imitation products. The Tobacco Order prohibits the sale, offer for sale or importation of items that imitate tobacco products.

Bulgaria

E-cigarettes are regulated by Decree 89 (to Promulgate the Law on Amending and Supplementing the Law on Tobacco and Tobacco Products), which contains a requirement to notify the Ministry of Economy prior to introducing a product to the market and

Cambodia

Classified as e-cigarettes by a circular which bans their sale, importation and use.

Canada

A notice by Health Canada classifies nicotine-containing e-cigarettes as new drugs under the Food and Drug Regulations. As such, there are restrictions on their sale, advertisement, promotion, sponsorship, importation and manufacturing.

Chile

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products per a resolution.

Colombia

The tobacco control law classifies these products as tobacco imitations, banning sale, manufacturing and marketing/advertising. There are bans on the use of these products in enclosed public places and on public transport.*

 

Costa Rica

Referred to as ENDS in a decree and classified as tobacco products. In accordance with the tobacco control law, they cannot be sold to minors (under 18 years).

Croatia

E-cigarettes are regulated by the Law restricting the use of tobacco and related products of May 10, 2017, which contains a requirement to notify the Ministry of Health prior to introducing a product to the market.

Cyprus

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are regulated by the Law on Health protection (Tobacco Control Law) of 2017 and the Health Protection (Tobacco Control) Regulations of 2017, which require specific notification and reporting obligations on manufact

Czech Republic

Decree No. 37/2017 regulates e-cigarettes that contain nicotine.

Denmark

E-cigarettes will be regulated as medicinal products under the Danish Medicines Act if they are marketed as products for the prevention or treatment of diseases, e.g. nicotine dependence and cessation.

Ecuador

Classified as ENDS per a decree. Minimum age of purchase is 18 years. Advertising is restricted to venues accessed solely by adults. The tobacco control law bans use in public spaces/transport.

England

E-cigarettes may be brought to market either as medicines or as consumer products. Those seeking medicines approval undergo the standard licensing process.

Estonia

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the Tobacco Act 2016. E-cigarettes may also be classified/brought to the market as medicinal products and thus be regulated by the Medical Devices Act.

Fiji

A tobacco control (amendment) decree applies to both nicotine-containing and non-nicotine e-cigarettes. E-cigarettes cannot be sold to minors (under 18 years), advertised or used in public transportation and certain enclosed public places.

Finland

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products (non-nicotine single use e-cigarettes are classified as tobacco substitutes) and regulated by the Tobacco Act 2016.

France

E-cigarettes maybe be brought to market either as medicines or as consumer products.

Gambia

Classified as electronic nicotine delivery systems. The sale, offer for sale, possession, distribution, importation of nicotine-containing and non-nicotine e-cigarettes are prohibited.

Georgia

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes or similar nicotine-delivery devices are classified and regulated as tobacco products in accordance with the Law of Georgia on Tobacco Control. Sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes to minors under 18 years is p

Germany

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the Federal Government law on the Implementation of the Tobacco Products Directive and Related Products 2016 and by the ordinance on the implementation of

Greece

A law bans the sale, display, manufacture and commercialization of e- cigarettes. Use of all types of e-cigarettes in enclosed public places is prohibited.*

Honduras

A decree classified e-cigarettes as tobacco derivative products, thus subject to tobacco control laws. Minimum age of purchase is 21 years.

Hungary

Classified as consumer products. Marketing authorization is required for sale. Sale is permitted at tobacco shops.

Iceland

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products, thus marketing authorization must be obtained prior to marketing these products and they must meet all requirements on sale, advertising/promotion, distribution, manufacture, i

Ireland

Non-nicotine e-cigarettes are regulated as consumer products, while nicotine-containing e-cigarettes and refill containers are regulated by the European Union (Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco and Related Products) Regulations 2016 (S

Israel

N/A

Italy

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by a legislative decree.

Jamaica

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products under the Food and Drugs Act.* As such they must be registered before they can be imported (no approval has been granted for these products to date).

Japan

Non-nicotine e-cigarettes are currently not being regulated. However, nicotine- containing e-cigarettes are classified as medicinal products and are regulated under the Japanese pharmaceutical affairs law.

Jordan

Jordan bans the sale, advertising, manufacturing, importation and use of e-cigarettes via an official letter.

Kuwait

The sale and marketing of e-cigarettes is banned in accordance with a decision by health ministers of gulf countries.*

Latvia

E-cigarettes are described as “electronic smoking devices”.

Lebanon

A decision bans the importation and trading of all types of e-cigarettes and orders the withdrawal of all e-cigarettes from the Lebanese market.

Lithuania

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the Tobacco, Tobacco Products and Related Products Control Law 2016.

Luxembourg

E-cigarettes are regulated by the Law of 13 June 2017 transposing the Directive 2014/40/EU, amending the amended law of 11 August 2006 on tobacco control.

Malaysia

Nicotine is classified as a class C poison under the Poisons Act and Control of Drugs and Cosmetics Regulations.* Devices without nicotine are classified as electrical appliances.

Malta

The manufacture, presentation and sale of e-cigarettes are regulated by the Subsidiary Legislation 315.10, Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco and Related Products Regulations, enacted under the Tobacco (Smoking Control) Act (CAP 315 of

Mauritius

A public health regulation prohibits the sale, offer for sale or distribution of products that look like tobacco or cigarettes.*

Mexico

The national tobacco control law prohibits the sale, distribution, exhibition, promotion or manufacture of an object that imitates a tobacco product. These prohibitions are specific to nicotine-containing e-cigarettes.*

 

Nepal

The Tobacco Product Control and Regulatory Directive, 2014 bans the sale (including single unit sale), advertising, promotion and sponsorship, importation, manufacture, as well as distribution and use of e-cigarettes in public places and transport

Netherlands

Nicotine-containing and non-nicotine e-cigarettes and e-liquids are regulated under the amended Tobacco and Smoking Commodities Act (and delegated legislation: the Tobacco and Smoking Commodities Decree and the Tobacco and Smoking Commodities Orde

New Zealand

Under the Medicines Act, nicotine-containing e-cigarettes or non-nicotine e-cigarettes promoted as therapeutic products are classified as medicinal. As medicinal products, there are restrictions on sale, advertising and distribution.

Nicaragua

The national tobacco control law prohibits the sale, importation or manufacture of objects imitating tobacco products.*

 

*Personal communication with in-country experts and/or Ministry of Health representatives

Northern Ireland

E-cigarettes may be brought to market either as medicines or as consumer products. Those seeking medicines approval undergo the standard licensing process.

Norway

E-cigarettes can be classified either as medicinal products or as tobacco surrogates.

Oman

A decision by the Public Authority for Consumer Protection bans the sale and marketing of e-cigarettes and electronic shisha.

Panama

A decree classifies e-cigarettes as tobacco products. Sale, advertising, promotion and sponsorship, distribution and importation of e-cigarettes with or without nicotine are prohibited.

Philippines

An order classifies e-cigarettes as medicinal products and medical devices.

Poland

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by the Polish Anti-Tobacco Act (2016).

Portugal

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes (like all tobacco products) are regulated by Law no 37/2007 of 14th August, with language provided in Law no 108/2015 of 26th August.

Qatar

A circular strictly prohibits the sale, distribution and advertising of e-cigarettes in pharmacies; another circular strictly prohibits their importation into the country.

Republic of Korea

Non-nicotine containing e-cigarettes are considered consumer products. Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are classified as tobacco products, thus their sale is prohibited to minors (under 19 years).

Romania

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco related products and regulated by Law no. 201/2016 (establishing the conditions for manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco products and related products and amending Law no.

Saudi Arabia

The sale and marketing of e-cigarettes is banned in accordance with a decision of health ministers of gulf countries.*

Scotland

E-cigarettes may be brought to market either as medicines or as consumer products. Those seeking medicines approval undergo the standard licensing process.

Serbia

The law on advertising (Official Gazette of RS, No. 6/2016) provides restrictions in advertising, promotion and sponsorship related to e-cigarettes, e-liquids and e-cigarette components.

Seychelles

The Tobacco Control Act prohibits the manufacture, importation, supply, display, distribution or sale of imitation tobacco products.

Singapore

E-cigarettes are classified by the tobacco control act as imitation tobacco products banning their sale, distribution and importation.

Slovakia

E-cigarettes are regulated by the Act of 25 November 2015 (No. 89/2016) on the Manufacture and Labeling of Tobacco Products and related Products and Amending Certain Acts, which classifies them as tobacco related products.

Slovenia

E-cigarettes are regulated by the Restriction on the Use of Tobacco or Tobacco-related Products Act (OUTP), which classifies them as tobacco related products.

South Africa

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are regulated by the Medicines Control Council as schedule 3 medicines.

Spain

Law 28/2005 on health measures against smoking and regulating the sale, supply, consumption and advertising of tobacco products bans the sale of ENDS or similar products to minors (under 18 years).

Suriname

The Tobacco Law prohibits the importation, distribution and sale of electronic cigarettes.

Sweden

E-cigarettes are regulated by Law (2017:425) on electronic cigarettes and refill containers.

Switzerland

In a statement by the Federal Office of Public Health, non-nicotine e-cigarettes are regulated within the scope of the food act as commodities. However, the sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes is prohibited.

Thailand

E-cigarettes are prohibited under several regulatory mechanisms. The Medicine Act prohibits manufacturing, sale and importation of modern medicinal products.

Togo

The tobacco control law classifies nicotine-containing e-cigarettes as derivative products.

Turkey

Ministry of Health issued a circular (not available online) indicating that the sale and importation of e-cigarettes and related devices are banned.* However, other legislation seem inconsistent with this statement.

Turkmenistan

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco products.

Uganda

Classified as electronic nicotine delivery systems. The sale, offer for sale, distribution, importation, manufacture, or processing of nicotine-containing and non-nicotine e-cigarettes are prohibited.

Ukraine

A law classifies these products as e-cigarettes and prohibits their use in public spaces/transport, with the exception of designated areas. The prohibition on sale and use of tobacco by minors under 18 years is extended to e-cigarettes.*

United Arab Emirates

The sale and marketing of e-cigarettes is banned in accordance with a decision of health ministers of gulf countries. The Ministry of Health has also banned their use.*

United Kingdom

Find more information on country page for England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales

United States

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies e-cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as tobacco products, except in cases when they are marketed as drugs, devices or combination products (e.g., as a therapeutic p

Uruguay

Nicotine and non-nicotine e-cigarette sale, importation, registration as a brand/patent and promotion is explicitly banned by an amendment/ decree.

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

Companies wishing to import e-cigarettes must indicate whether the product should be classified as a medicinal, consumer good or tobacco derivative.* If regulated as a tobacco- derivative, e-cigarettes cannot be sold to minors, advertised/promoted

Viet Nam

E-cigarettes are classified as tobacco products.* The national tobacco control law bans sale to minors and marketing/advertising.

Wales

E-cigarettes may be brought to market either as medicines or as consumer products. Those seeking medicines approval undergo the standard licensing process.